The Complete List of All Guinea Pig Breeds and Care

Cuddle Time with Guinea Pigs and Children.
Saifullah Ashrafi
by Saifullah Ashrafi on {date}

Guinea pigs, also known as cavies, are among the most beloved pets worldwide, cherished for their gentle nature and expressive personalities. As adorable as they are, these little creatures come in a variety of breeds, each with its unique characteristics and care requirements. Understanding the different breeds is essential for potential and current guinea pig owners to provide the best care possible

In this blog, we’ll explore the recognized, hairless, and miscellaneous breeds of guinea pigs, offering insights and tips to help you make an informed decision about which breed might be right for you.

Recognized Guinea Pig Breeds

 

Abyssinian Guinea Pig

 

Abyssinian Guinea Pig sitting down in floor.

The Abyssinian guinea pig is easily recognizable by its distinctive rosettes (whorls of hair), which give it a spiky appearance. Known for their lively and curious nature, Abyssinians are playful and enjoy exploring their environment. They are social animals that thrive on interaction and can be quite vocal, often communicating with a series of squeaks and chirps.

Breed Overview

 

Origin: South America
Weight: 700-1100 grams
Size: 8-10 inches
Color: Various colors and patterns
Temperament: Friendly, easy-going

Abyssinian Satin Guinea Pig
 
Abyssinian Satin Guinea Pig sitting down
 

Similar to the Abyssinian, the Abyssinian Satin has the same rosettes and playful demeanor but features a unique satin sheen that gives its coat a glossy, shiny appearance. This sheen makes them particularly eye-catching and adds a luxurious touch to their already charming look.

 Breed Overview

 

Origin: South America
Weight: 800-1200 grams
Size: 8-12 inches
Color: Various colors and patterns
Temperament: Energetic, curious, playful

 American Guinea Pig

 

American Guinea Pig sitting down in floor.

The American guinea pig, the most popular breed, is known for its short, smooth coat and friendly disposition. Their straightforward grooming needs and calm nature make them an ideal choice for first-time guinea pig owners. They are easygoing and adapt easily to varied settings, making them ideal companions.

 Breed Overview

 

Origin: South America
Weight: 700-1100 grams
Size: 8-10 inches
Color: Various colors and patterns
Temperament: Friendly, easy-going

American Satin Guinea Pig

 
American Satin Guinea Pig laying down.

This breed shares the same characteristics as the American but with a distinctive satin finish to its coat, giving it a shiny and sleek appearance. The satin sheen adds an extra touch of elegance to their already charming look.

 Breed Overview

 

Origin: South America
Weight: 700-1100 grams
Size: 8-10 inches
Color: Various colors and patterns
Temperament: Friendly, easy-going

Coronet Guinea Pig

 

Coronet Guinea Pig laying down in floor.

Coronets have long, luxurious hair and a distinctive crest of hair on their heads, giving them a regal and unique appearance. Their beautiful coats require regular grooming to prevent tangles and matting. They are known for their gentle and calm nature, making them great pets for those who enjoy spending time grooming and bonding with their guinea pig.

 Breed Overview

 

Origin: United Kingdom
Weight: 900-1300 grams
Size: 8-12 inches
Color: Various colors and patterns
Temperament: Gentle, calm

Peruvian Guinea Pig

 

Peruvian Guinea Pig laying down in mate.

Peruvian guinea pigs are extremely gorgeous, with incredibly long, flowing hair, yet they require extensive care to keep their coat in good condition. They are one of the most visually stunning breeds, with hair that can grow several inches long. Peruvians are gentle and thrive in a calm, stable environment where they can be groomed and admired regularly.

 Breed Overview

 

Origin: South America
Weight: 800-1200 grams
Size: 8-12 inches
Color: Various colors and patterns
Temperament: Gentle, requires a calm environment

Peruvian Satin Guinea Pig

 

Peruvian Satin Guinea Pig sitting down.

Similar to the Peruvian, the Peruvian Satin boasts the same long, flowing hair but with an added satin sheen that enhances their elegant appearance. Their coat’s glossy finish makes them particularly eye-catching and luxurious.

 Breed Overview

 

Origin: South America
Weight: 800-1200 grams
Size: 8-12 inches
Color: Various colors and patterns
Temperament: Gentle, requires a calm environment

Silkie Guinea Pig

 

Silkie Guinea Pig sitting down on Bed.

Silkies, also known as Shelties, have long, silky hair that flows back over their bodies without a part, giving them a smooth and sleek appearance. To keep their coat from tangling, they need to groom it on a regular basis. Silkies are known for their docile and gentle nature, making them wonderful pets for those who enjoy grooming and spending quiet time with their guinea pig.

 Breed Overview

 

Origin: United States
Weight: 800-1200 grams
Size: 8-12 inches
Color: Various colors and patterns
Temperament: Docile, gentle

Silkie Satin Guinea Pig

 

Silkie Satin Guinea Pig sitting down.

This breed combines the long, silky hair of the Silkie with a satin sheen, giving it a shiny, luxurious appearance. The combination of the silky texture and satin gloss makes them one of the most visually appealing breeds.

 Breed Overview

 

Origin: United States
Weight: 800-1200 grams
Size: 8-12 inches
Color: Various colors and patterns
Temperament: Docile, gentle

Teddy Guinea Pig

 

Teddy Guinea Pig sitting down in floor.

Teddies have short, dense, and springy hair, giving them a plush, teddy bear-like appearance. Their unique coat texture makes them stand out from other breeds. Teddy guinea pig are playful and friendly, making them a joy to interact with and a great choice for families.

 Breed Overview

 

Origin: United States
Weight: 700-1200 grams
Size: 8-12 inches
Color: Various colors and patterns
Temperament: Playful, friendly

Teddy Satin Guinea Pig

 
Teddy Satin Guinea Pig sitting down.

This breed has the same plush fur as the Teddy but with a satin sheen that adds an extra touch of elegance to their appearance. The combination of the teddy-like texture and satin gloss makes them particularly charming.

 Breed Overview

 

Origin: United States
Weight: 700-1200 grams
Size: 8-12 inches
Color: Various colors and patterns
Temperament: Playful, friendly

Texel Guinea Pig

 

two Texel Guinea Pig sitting down in floor.

Texels are known for their long, curly hair, which gives them a unique and charming appearance. Their distinctive curls require regular grooming to prevent matting. Texel guinea pigs are generally calm and gentle, making them a great choice for those who appreciate their unique look and are willing to invest time in grooming.

 Breed Overview

 

Origin: United Kingdom
Weight: 800-1200 grams
Size: 8-12 inches
Color: Various colors and patterns
Temperament: Calm, gentle

White Crested Guinea Pig

 

White Crested Guinea Pig sitting down.

This breed has short hair with a distinctive white crest on the forehead, making them easy to identify and giving them a unique look. White Crested guinea pigs are friendly and calm, making them great companions for those who want a guinea pig that is easy to care for and enjoys human interaction.

 Breed Overview

 

Origin: United States
Weight: 700-1100 grams
Size: 8-10 inches
Color: Various colors with a white crest
Temperament: Friendly, calm

Hairless Guinea Pig Breeds

 

Baldwin Guinea Pig

 

Baldwin Guinea Pig sitting down.

Baldwins are born with hair that gradually falls out, leaving them completely hairless as adults. Their lack of fur means they require extra warmth and careful skin care. Despite their unusual appearance, Baldwins are gentle and affectionate, often forming strong bonds with their owners.

 Breed Overview

 

Origin: United States
Weight: 700-1100 grams
Size: 8-10 inches
Color: Skin tones vary
Temperament: Gentle, needs warmth

Skinny Guinea Pig

 

Skinny Guinea Pig sitting down her Cage.

Skinny pigs are mostly hairless, except for some hair on their feet and face, giving them a unique look. They require extra warmth and skin care due to their lack of fur. Skinny pigs are known for their friendly and outgoing nature, making them great companions despite their unusual appearance.

 Breed Overview

 

Origin: Canada
Weight: 700-1100 grams
Size: 8-10 inches
Color: Skin tones vary
Temperament: Friendly, needs warmth

Miscellaneous Guinea Pig Breeds

 

Alpaca Guinea Pig

 

Alpaca Guinea Pig sitting down.

Alpacas have long, curly hair, similar to the Texel, but with a rougher texture. Their unusual coat necessitates extensive care to prevent matting. Alpacas are sturdy and playful, enjoying an environment that allows them to explore and interact with their surroundings.

 Breed Overview

 

Origin: Sweden
Weight: 900-1300 grams
Size: 8-12 inches
Color: Various colors and patterns
Temperament: Sturdy, adaptable

Lunkarya Guinea Pig

 

Lunkarya Guinea Pig laying down in floor.

Known for their rough, curly coat, Lunkaryas are robust and hardy guinea pigs. Their unique coat requires frequent care to stay in good condition.  Lunkaryas are adaptable and sturdy, making them well-suited to various living conditions.

 Breed Overview

 

Origin: South America
Weight: 800-1200 grams
Size: 8-12 inches
Color: Various colors and patterns
Temperament: Sturdy, playful

Rex Guinea Pig

 

Rex Guinea Pig sitting down.

Rex guinea pigs have short, dense, and woolly hair, giving them a plush, soft appearance. Their unique coat texture makes them stand out among other breeds. Rex guinea pigs are playful and friendly, making them great pets for families and individuals alike.

 Breed Overview

 

Origin: South America
Weight: 800-1200 grams
Size: 8-12 inches
Color: Various colors and patterns
Temperament: Playful, friendly

Sheba Guinea Pig

 

Sheba Guinea Pig sitting down in grass.

Shebas have a long, rough coat that looks like a “bad hair day,” giving them a distinctive and endearing appearance. Their unique look requires regular grooming to maintain. Shebas are friendly and outgoing, enjoying interaction with their owners and exploring their environment.

 Breed Overview

 

OriginAustralia
Weight900-1300 grams
Size: 8-12 inches
Color: Various colors and patterns
TemperamentFriendly, outgoing

Conclusion

 

Understanding the various breeds of guinea pigs is crucial for providing the best care and ensuring a happy, healthy pet. Each breed has unique characteristics and care requirements, so choosing the right breed should be based on your lifestyle and preferences. Whether you prefer the low-maintenance American or the elegant Peruvian, there is a guinea pig breed that will fit perfectly into your home. 

Research and understanding the needs of each breed will ensure that your guinea pig thrives and brings joy to your life.

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